In the simplest terms, your GPA is your average grade. There are two main types of GPA’s that universities use for the admissions process:
1) Cumulative GPA (Average grade of all your subjects from four years of school). Used by the NAIA, NJCAA and NCAA Division III.
2) Core GPA (Average grade of 16 core courses from specific categories). Used by the NCAA Division I and Division II:
5 Step GPA Calculation
STEP 1: FIND YOUR COUNTRY:
Go to NCAA International Academics Standards Guide, and find your country’s specific grading scale conversion table.
STEP 2: CHOOSE WHICH GPA TO CALCULATE:
It’s actually a good idea to calculate both your cumulative GPA and your core GPA, because you never know what university you might end up going to. So, choose one and start.
STEP 3: CONVERT YOUR GRADES:
Use the conversion table to convert either all (cumulative GPA) of your final course grades from secondary school into the American quality points scale (1-4), or, convert only core courses (core GPA)into quality points.
STEP 4: ADD UP YOUR QUALITY POINTS:
Just add them up, simple.
STEP 5: DIVIDE THE TOTAL BY THE NUMBER OF COURSES:
Cumulative GPA: divide the total quality points by the number of all completed courses.
Example: Cumulative GPA: 70 (sum of all quality points)/22 (number of completed courses) = 3.18 cumulative GPA
Core GPA: divide the total quality points by the number of core courses.
Example: Core GPA: 49 (sum of core course quality points) / 16 (number of core course) = 3.06 core GPA
Voila, here’s your GPA.